- Contents -
  Q What is a personal computer?
  Q How do personal computers output Kanji?
  Q What is a font?
  Q What is a character code?
  Q How are Kanji input?
  Q Is it impossible to use characters not in the character set?
  Q Do I only need a user-defined character editor to use user-defined characters?
  Q How do I input user-defined characters with IME?
  Q Is it possible to use characters from mainframes?
  Q What is the JIS code?
  Q What is the Shift JIS code?
  Q What is Unicode?
  Q How long will it take for Unicode to become available?
  Q What is XKP?
  Q Can user-defined characters be transferred using XKP?
  Q Is it possible to use more user-defined characters than the number of character codes available?
  Q Can XKP user-defined characters be printed?

Japanese Processing Guidebook



The Windows NT Extended Kanji Processing Council (XKP Council) is a group founded in February 1995 in order to promote the creation of systems utilizing personal computers in local body governments.

The circumstances leading to the foundation of the XKP Council clearly
show its characteristics. The XKP Council began with requests from computer makers and solution providers to Microsoft. Attempts on Windows personal computers at carrying out computer processing of family registers, lists of residents and other items traditionally handled by mainframes and office computers have been frustrated by the lack of characters other than in the JIS standard, as well as a lack of standardization in handling user-defined characters. When building client-server application systems, it is not possible to use a proprietary method for extending user-defined characters, as the system must operate in a multi-vendor environment. In order to solve these problems and standardize processing of extended Kanji characters, Microsoft and other companies that are connected to processing Kanji characters, such as computer makers, software package makers, solution providers and font vendors, joined together laterally and founded the XKP Council.

Because of the scale of the project - Windows NT compatibility for individual and place names - it is attracting considerable attention from areas other than local government bodies, including government offices and industries that must process individual and place names, such as financial and educational institutions, as well as the printing and publishing industries.

This document was created as part of the Council's activities. Before looking at user-defined characters, we would like review Japanese language processing under Windows and Windows NT, and focus mainly on basic topics.

We hope that this will contribute to greater understanding of Japanese language processing on personal computers.

Windows NT Extended Kanji Processing Council